Cordoba is an exemplary city; it is one of the most beautiful places in Spain and a UNESCO world heritage site due to itÔÇÖs large, well conserved historical old town. Chosen by the Prince of Omeya, Abd-al Rahman I in 716 as the capital of the Kingdom of Al-andalus, Cordoba became the most dazzling city of the known world. Under the Omeyan Reign Cordoba was at the height of itÔÇÖs cultural and commercial powers and had a considerable population.
At this time the famous Cordoba Mosque (Mezquita) was completed and was considered the greatest monument of the Western Arab World, and in the outskirts of the city (6 km away) the luxurious city of Medina Azahara was built for Abd ar-Rahm├ín III. ItÔÇÖs name means ÔÇśCity of AzaharÔÇÖ and story tells that it was built in honour of Azahara, the CalifaÔÇÖs favourite wife.
What to see in Cordoba?
Cordoba should be discovered on foot, through the narrow streets until you stumble upon patios with dozens of flowerpots containing the most colourful and fragrant flowers. These patios are open to the public from the beginning of May and can be visited as part of a pre-established route (Cordoba Patio Festival).
Moreover la Juder├şa, the Jewish quarter where the Mezquita and the Alc├ízar can be found, is the most important sector of Cordoba artistically and historically speaking, as it contains a large number of monuments, such as the Synagogue and the Puerta de Almod├│var.
Also in this district is the Gothic style Alc├ízar de los Reyes Cristianos. The construction of this palace began in 1328 by order of Alfonso XI. The Catholic Monarchs, Fernando and Isabel, lived there for eight years and received Christopher Columbus there during his visit. The most beautiful part of the Alc├ízar is probably itÔÇÖs magnificent gardens but there are also Roman mosaics, Royal baths and vaults to be seen.
Taking a ride in a horse-drawn carriage, tasting the exquisite Andalusian cuisine, having a drink in a bar, relaxing and having a massage in a Hammam (Turkish baths), seeing a flamenco show, going to the zoo or visit ; these are just some of the many options that Cordoba city and province have to offer.